Standards for home occupations are set forth to minimize annoyance and inconvenience to neighboring property owners within residential areas. These standards are intended to allow reasonable and comfortable enjoyment of adjacent and nearby property by their owners and by occupants of neighboring residential dwellings, while providing opportunities for the pursuit of home-based businesses.
- A home occupation is a permitted accessory use in single-family residential zoning districts provided that it complies with all restrictions.
- The occupation must not produce no alterations or changes in the character or exterior appearance of the principal building from that of a residential dwelling, and performance of the occupation activity must not be visible from the street.
- The home occupation must be incidental and secondary to the use of the premises for residential purposes, and must not utilize floor area exceeding 25% of the combined gross floor area of dwelling unit and any accessory building(s) that are used for the home occupation. In no case may the combined floor area utilized for a home occupation exceed 750 square feet.
- Not more than 2 patron or business-related vehicles may be present at one time.
- The operation of such an occupation is restricted to the hours between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. for outdoor activities, and between 8:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. for indoor activities.
- The occupation activity can not increase vehicular traffic flow beyond what normally occurs within a residential district, and can not require regular and frequent deliveries by large delivery trucks or vehicles with a rated capacity in excess of one and one-half tons, according to the manufacturer’s classification.
- There must be no outside storage, including trailers, or outside display related to the home occupation use.
- No mechanical or electrical equipment may be employed on the premises other than that which is customarily found in a home environment, and that which is customarily associated with a hobby or avocation which is conducted solely for pleasure and not for profit or financial gain.
- The home occupation can not generate noise, vibration, glare, fumes/odors, heat or electrical interference beyond what normally occurs within a residential district.
- The occupation can not require the use of chemicals on the property that are obnoxious or hazardous to the welfare of the neighborhood.
- The home occupation can not involve the use of advertising signs or window displays, or any other device that calls attention to the business use of the premises through audio and/or visual means.
- The occupation can not offer a ready inventory of any commodity for sale on the premises (e.g. arts and crafts items, handmade clothing, etc.).
- The occupation must not be harmful or detrimental to the health, welfare and safety of the neighborhood, nor can it interfere with the comfortable enjoyment of life, property and recreation by residents of the area.
Applicability of Other Regulations
A home occupation is also subject to any and all other provisions of local, State and/or Federal regulations and laws that govern such uses.
Uses Allowed as Home Occupations
Subject to other provisions of the Red Oak Zoning Ordinance, home occupations may include the following uses:
- Office facility of an accountant, architect, landscape architect, attorney, engineer, consultant, insurance agent, realtor, broker, or similar profession;
- Author, artist or sculptor;
- Dressmaker, seamstress or tailor;
- Music/dance teacher, or similar types of instruction, provided that instruction is limited to no more than two (2) pupils at a time;
- Individual tutoring and home schooling;
- Office facility of a minister, rabbi, priest or other clergyman;
- Home crafts, such as rug weaving, model making, etc.;
- Office facility of a salesman, sales or manufacturer’s representative, etc., provided that no retail or wholesale transactions or provision of services are personally and physically made on the premises;
- Repair shop for small electrical appliances, cameras, watches/clocks, and other small items, provided that the items can be carried by one person without using special equipment, and provided that the items are not equipped with an internal combustion engine;
- Food preparation establishments such as cake making/decorating or catering, provided that there is no on-premises consumption by customers, and provided that all aspects of the business comply with all State and local health regulations;
- Family homes in compliance with applicable State laws;
- Barber shop/ beauty salon or manicure studio; and
- Swimming lessons and water safety instruction, provided that such instruction involves no more than 6 pupils at any one time.
Home Occupation Uses Not Classified
Any use that is not expressly allowed by the Home Occupation Section is prohibited unless and until such use is classified by amendment to the Red Oak Zoning Ordinance.