Stormwater is rainwater or snowmelt that, instead of seeping into the earth, "runs off" via gutters, storm drains and ditches into creeks, streams, rivers, lakes, and the ocean.
Although it is a necessary part of the natural water cycle, stormwater can also be an environmental concern. As stormwater flows over the land, it collects contaminants such as oil and grease from roadways, pesticides, and fertilizers from lawns, sediment from construction sites, and discarded trash, which can degrade water quality and the health of surrounding plants and animals. It is estimated that 70% of the water pollution in the United States comes from stormwater and other indirect discharges collectively known as "non-point" pollution sources.
Municipal Storm Sewers
Municipal storm sewers, also known as storm drains, are separate from the sanitary sewer system. They do not treat stormwater but rather work to convey the stormwater off the streets directly to the nearest stream or creek, as storm drains are designed to quickly remove runoff from streets to help prevent flooding. These also means that anytime a person might pour into or dispose of anything into a storm drain, it all goes directly into our lakes the next time it rains.
Quantity of Stormwater
The quality of stormwater runoff is only one half of the stormwater picture; the quantity of stormwater runoff poses its own problems. Increased development brings more streets, parking lots, rooftops, and other surfaces that shed water instead of absorbing it. One inch of rain falling on a one-acre parking lot produces 16 times more runoff than the same inch of rain falling on a one-acre meadow. Localized urban flooding, erosion, and the souring of streambeds are some impacts caused by increased stormwater runoff quantity.
The City of Red Oak is committed to the understanding and education of stormwater management. The City is implementing ways to educate public employees, businesses, and the general public of hazards associated with illegal discharges and improper disposal of waste.Link to page
The City of Red Oak Ordinances make sure that residents and businesses protect water quality of stormwater runoff entering the waterways. The Stormwater-Pollution Prevention Team is staffed with code enforcement officers who respond to every stormwater pollution complaint.Link to page
Reporting Illegal Discharges in Stormwater
An illicit discharge is an unlawful act of disposing, dumping, or any discharge of any substance other than stormwater into the storm drain system. The storm drain system consists of catch basins, yard inlets, and the street gutters that drain stormwater to themLink to page
Stormwater Drainage Fees
The stormwater utility is a monthly user fee that pays for maintenance, improvements to the stormwater drainage system and other stormwater program activities. This fee is similar to other utility fees for water, sewer, and garbage.Link to page